Suriyanar(Sun) Temples Tour Kumbakonam

The Markandeya Purana records that Suriyan or the Sun had his birth in the sound ‘OM’ which word originated the existence of this world. Khasiba was the son of Adithi. Hence he is Aditya. This tale is told in the Mahabaratha.

Suriyan is auspicious Graha. He is the right eye of the Lord Siva. The Sun is the prime star one with Moon in radial rays. His is the subtle body that wheels around the world on the chariot pulled by seven horses. This single wheeled chariot is driven by Arjunan who has no legs in him. Suriyan has eight hands, on his shoulders are two lotus flowers. He wears a silk dress of golden shade. He is praised by the twelve great Rishis. Suriyan is the Lord of seasons. He is also praised as Aadavan, Prabhakaran, Kathiravan, Pakalavan, Bhaskaran..

Subra Residency

The History of SuriyanarKoil

The name of the village is itself SuriyanarKoil. A three tiered tower is at the west of the temple. The holy tank is to the left of the temple front side. The shrine Suriyan is in the center of the temple. Suriyan alone has a temple built all for himself. None of the other Navagrahas share this unique characteristic. It is also here that one sees all the Navagrahas in a separate canopy with a shrine for each. High walls protects this beautiful temple of Suriyan.

In the Southwest corner of the temple is Koil Theertha Vinayagar. When the Navagrahas once under a curse of Brahma came to this temple for prayers, they worshipped this Vinayagar here and attained salvation. One enters the Sanctum of Suriyan by climbing up a few steps and through Artha Mandapam, Maha Mandapam, Shthapana Mandapam, Sabanayagar Mandapam and Narthana Mandapam.

In the Sabanayagar hall are lord Nataraja and the nine grahas. In the east and north to the Shthapana hall are KasiViswanathar and mother Visalakshi. Guru is in the MahaMandapam. In front of him stands a horse, the mount of Suriyan. In the sanctum itself, Suriyan stands with Ushadevi at his left and Chaya devi at his right. The Darshan is likely to be a great satification. Guru faces Suriyan, who gives refuse to us by the posture of refuge with his right hand and left hand planted upon his thighs.

It is unique in this temple that all the nine Grahas have a sanctum dedicated to each. Since Suriyan is the foremost of the planets, this temple complex has come to be called by its name. None of the Navagrahas is armed. They are full of grace and it would be very fruitful to visit his temple at least once. Since these Navagrahas are the agents through whom we enjoy the fruits of our past karma, we should not neglect to propitiate for them for the attainment of inner peace.

  • Location :12 km away from Kumbakonam by rail to Aduthurai Railway Station, 1km. from Aduthurai Railway Station by bus.
  • Rule : It is a rule that one should worship at Suriyanar temple only after offering prayers at PranavaradeswararMangalanayakitempl;e at Thirumangalakudi.
  • Temple : It is very near Pranavaradeswarar temple, known as Suriyanarkoil because of the primacy of Suriyan.
  • Reigning Deity : Suriyan with consorts Umadevi and Sayadevi.
  • Gem Stone : Red
  • Other Grahas : Guru faces Suriyan, Saniswarar at Southwest. Budhan is to the East, Chevvai is at South east. There is a sanctum for Chandran. Kethu is to the north east, Sukra at north and Raghu is to the Northwest.
  • Holy Water : SuriyaPushkariniand River Cauvery.
  • Holy Tree : Vellarukku
  • Devotees : Emperor Parikshit, Chithirangathanpuruvaras, Indran, Thoomakethu and Nalan.
  • Construction : At about 12th century A.D. Kulothunga the first caused a temple built of Rock.
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